The Industrial Revolution, also known as the First Industrial Revolution. It was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the beginning of 18th century. This fuelled the moving from hand made production methods to invention of machines, new manufacturing and production processes, the increasing use of steam power and water power, the development of machine tools and the rise of the mechanized factory system. The Industrial Revolution also led to an unprecedented rise in the rate of population growth.
The Second Industrial Revolution, also known as the Technological Revolution was a phase of rapid standardization, mass production and industrialization from the late 19th century into the early 20th century. Though a number of its characteristic events can be traced to earlier innovations in manufacturing, such as the establishment of a machine tool industry, the development of methods for manufacturing interchangeable parts and the invention, the Second Industrial Revolution is generally dated between late 18th & the early 19th century.